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Chapter 18     Young Learners
                       and the Internet
 
 
 

Why should we introduce technology into teaching English to young learners?

  • to motivate students through computers and the Net
  • to open our classroom to the world
  • to bring the world to the classroom
  • to provide multi-sensory stimulus to learners
  • to supply students with plenty of authentic materials

  • Internet Lessons

  • lessons of English done partly in the Internet
  • the Internet resources serve as a teaching medium, source of materials
  • the Internet component is preceded by offline pre- and post-stages
  • students work on authentic materials to accomplish tasks

  • English Language Training Computer Programs

  • accessible on CD-ROM discs
  • provide stimulating multimedia material
  • are meant mainly for individual work at home
  • usually exploit the idea of learning by playing
  • are appealing because of graphic interface, characters, voices of children

  • Technical Requirements

  • Internet lessons: fast and reliable Internet connection, not necessarily the most powerful computers, sound cards and headphones, a printer, a scanner
  • computer programs: require only computers, but usually more powerful ones (new programs have more and more sophisticated system demands), sound cards, headphones, microphones

  • Cost

  • Internet lessons: the cost of the Internet connection is usually a flat fare, paid monthly by a school for unlimited access (SDI - 190 PLN)
  • computer programs: there must be a separate program for each workstation, (average price - 100 PLN for one license)

  • Demands On Students

  • computer skills: programs need no skills, apart from moving and clicking the mouse and some basic typing; Internet lessons may involve more sophisticated uses such as saving a site, saving a picture, downloading a file
  • language skills: programs are made for EFL learners, so the language is suited to the level; Internet websites are meant for the whole community, so vocabulary and grammar may exceed studentsĀElevel

  • Demands On The Teacher

  • computer software: as programs are meant for self-study, the teacher has very little role to play (showing how to operate the program, motivating and controlling students, advising them if they are lost)
  • Internet lessons: teacherís role much bigger, in choosing sites, creating tasks, adapting the task to the level of the class, assisting the coursebook used with online instruction; teacher may need to do some technical teaching as well

  • Mode Of Work

  • Internet lessons: pair or group work online, group/pairwork or whole class during pre- and post-stages, mainly in-class, but possible out-of-class treasure hunts
  • computer programs: mainly used by individual students, out-of-class, learning at oneís own pace; however, some classroom uses possible

  • Benefits Of Internet Lessons

  • authenticity
  • recency
  • variety
  • choice
  • novelty
  • interactivity

  • Drawbacks Of Internet Lessons

  • good connection necessary
  • there may be problems with scheduling a lab for the lesson
  • online tasks are unpredictable in terms of time consumption
  • the content and language of most sites may be too difficult for YL
  • sites with offending material are easy to encounter
  • some sites may have factual mistakes and spelling errors

  • Examples Of Lessons

  • sending electronic cards D:\Moje dokumenty\szkolenia\BC Lublin\INTERNET IN TEACHING ENGLISH.ppt
  • trivia questions on the Net
  • finding songs online and preparing them for the whole class THE INTERNATIONAL LYRICS SERVER - FIND YOUR FAVORITE SONG LYRICS!.HTM
  • cooking with kids (recipes online)
  • whatís the time (time zone difference) Date and Time Gateway.htm
  • talking about clothing and fashion Gap Online Men.htmGap Online.htm
  • making and solving puzzles MysteryNet's Kids Mysteries mysteries to solve, scary stories, magic tricks, and contests.htmNancyDrew_com A MysteryNet_com Website.htm
  • making posters for celebrations
  • kids make the news kidnews_com News.htm
  • secret codes Puzzlemaker.htmPuzzlemaker - Computer Generated Mazes - DiscoverySchool_com.htm
  • flag identifier
  • creating online questionnaires

  • Preparing And Running A Lesson

  • checking the sites (if still existent, loading quickly)
  • preparing additional off-line activities
  • providing tasks for speaking practice in pre- and post-stages
  • giving students specific material to complete when being online (worksheet, checklist, questions, facts to verify)
  • adjusting the lesson to the level of the class: varying the difficulty of the task and the amount of teacher control
  • maintaining proper timing and pacing
  • monitoring studentsĀEactivities (during and after - History function)

  • Benefits Of Computer Programs

  • all materials are prepared, collected together, form a complete whole
  • extremely appealing and attractive graphics, characters, voices, background sounds
  • use the method of learning by playing a computer game
  • multimedia approach (combining text, picture, film, sound) appeals to all senses and facilitates comprehension
  • the competitive element additionally motivates students

  • Drawbacks Of Computer Programs For Yl

  • are not compatible with any particular coursebook or syllabus
  • allow students to stop doing one activity and move on to another one
  • are effective in teaching vocabulary, reading comprehension, pronunciation, but do not cater that much for other skills
  • enforce student-computer interaction, and do not create the need for student-student exchange
  • are highly finite - students get to the end of them quickly and the programs are no longer interesting

  • Examples Of Computer Programs For Yl

  • Plays for Children (WSiP)
  • Zakís Wordgames (Langmaster/Longman)
  • Word Birdís Wordland (Prentice Hall)
  • Letís Go (Oxford University Press)
    An Appendix of internet site
     

    Useful Websites for Young Language Learners

    www.findwaldo.com/    Wheres Wally
    www.funbrain.com/detect/index.html   Word Turtle - make your own word search game
    www.funbrain.com/grammar/index.html     The Grammar Gorillas;  fun, elementary
    www.eslpartyland.com/  Karenís ESL Partyland
    http://www.ks-connection.org/   Kids Space
    http://http://pages.prodigy.net/ldever/kids/index.htm    World Wide Kids Web ĀElinks.
    www.wen.org/-brendam/kids-fun.html     Kids ESL site
    http://www.yahooligans.com/
    www.wicked4kids.com/index.shtml    Excelllent site, jokes, activities, create
    http://www.nationalgeographic.com/kids/
    www.bbc.co.uk/schools/   loads of information , downloadable resources, games and activities
    http://http://kids.msn.com/   Read and learn, games activities for under eights, as well as page for older children.
    http://www.eslbears.com/  Links to interactive games for young learners.

    And, the best of them all...cross your fingers it stays on line and continues to be free...
    http://www.anglesonline.net/  Graded, linked and indexed interactive games and activities for all levels of ESL learners, fast loading and great graphics, all on one site.  You could plan a whole course around this one!
     
     

  • Assignment 3
    Chapter 19
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